Boko Haram: Terror Unmasked
Ravages of Terror
Reporting This Story

Boko Haram


A young boy is flogged in a public square. Onlookers shout “God is great.” Boko Haram militants shoot civilians in the heart and head, ignoring pleas of innocence and prayers.

The report below contains graphic images from secret Boko Haram videos obtained by VOA. The harsh violence may offend some viewers. It shows the reality and cruelty of life under Boko Haram’s rule.


In the Nigerian town of Kumshe, a man accused of drug dealing prays seconds before being executed by Boko Haram. (Boko Haram video)

In the northern Nigerian village of Kumshe, the terror group Boko Haram administered a violent and distorted version of Islamic law. Transgressions like wearing western-style clothing or getting a secular education carried extreme punishments. Purported drug dealers – such as the offenders shown in these videos – were sentenced to beatings and death.

Raw, unedited video of Boko Haram operating inside its territory in Nigeria is rare. The group is known for secrecy and carefully hides the identities of members and their whereabouts.

But VOA News obtained 18 hours of uncut videos in which the group recorded scenes of its own brutality. The images, from a Boko Haram laptop captured in a military raid, testify to the devastating suffering Nigerians endured under Boko Haram.

Watch the full “Boko Haram: Terror Unmasked”, Part 1 video.

The execution of the men in the town of Kumshe, and other scenes showing Boko Haram members callously going about the daily business of their self-proclaimed caliphate are the subject of a VOA four-part video series, “Boko Haram: Terror Unmasked.”

The unedited recordings made little or no effort to hide the group’s most brutal acts. By all indications – time stamps on the videos, references by fighters, events described in news broadcasts heard in the background – the recordings were made in late 2014 and 2015, a period of expansion by Boko Haram in northeast Nigeria.

The town of Kumshe is where the executions by Boko Haram took place.


A Boko Haram fighter walks through the town of Banki as militants wage an attack on a nearby military barracks. (Boko Haram video)

Throughout its seven-year insurgency, Boko Haram has attacked government and civilian targets to win territory and instill fear across northern Nigeria. Leaders promise young foot soldiers martyrdom, conscripting them and sending them into battle lightly armed and with little training. The group has abducted thousands of women and children.

The videos recorded by Boko Haram chronicle one attack on a Nigerian army barracks in the town of Banki. Fighters gather in the morning, and leaders prep them to kill and be killed. The assault turns into chaos, with some militants begging for a gun.

Watch the full “Boko Haram: Terror Unmasked”, Part 2 video.

Later, the Boko Haram fighters execute civilians in a nearby village after first interrogating them to find food and money. Boko Haram finances itself with kidnapping for ransom and with extortion and robbery, among other things.


Three boys are questioned by Boko Haram militants after their village was taken. (Boko Haram video)

Boko Haram’s campaign of violence has shattered lives, spread fear, displaced millions and destroyed the social order across northeastern Nigeria.

When the militants capture a village, interrogations follow. The goal: to extract information about the loyalties and whereabouts of loved ones who have fled.

Boko Haram’s purpose, as stated by its longtime leader, Abubakar Shekau, is to wage a holy war, ridding Nigeria of any western influences and creating a strict Islamic state. In practice, the group has shown little mercy for Nigerian Muslims, attacking mosques and majority-Muslim towns.

Source: Institute for Economics & Peace: Global Terrorism Index 2015 and 2016


Boko Haram members prepare to cut off the hands of two civilians accused of theft. (Boko Haram video)

The Boko Haram video below shows leaders justifying killings and other atrocities based on their distorted religious ideology.

At a public tribunal, a messenger steps forward. He speaks for Abubakar Shekau, the Boko Haram leader in hiding, as militants prepare to execute two of their own.

The charge: homosexuality.

Watch the full “Boko Haram: Terror Unmasked”, Part 3 video.

Boko Haram’s violent interpretation of Islam traces to the teachings of its founder, Mohammed Yusuf. Yusuf preached that western education was sinful. Tension between Nigerian authorities and the group escalated into deadly violence in 2009, when police cracked down on Yusuf’s followers and executed Yusuf in the street.

Shekau believes that attacking civilian targets, kidnapping schoolgirls and killing “unbelievers” – Muslims or not – are justified in the name of “jihad.” Religious scholars in Nigeria emphatically reject Boko Haram’s violent theology.


An abandoned gas station, near a camp for the homeless in Bama, destroyed by Boko Haram. (VOA)

At its peak, Boko Haram controlled a territory twice the size of Belgium. The group’s occupation displaced more than 2 million Nigerians and has led to widespread food insecurity.

Today, many towns formerly under Boko Haram control have been liberated by the Nigerian military and neighboring states. VOA News traveled to northeast Nigeria in September 2016 to confirm military claims of improved security and see firsthand the human cost of Boko Haram’s insurgency.

Accompanied by a 12-truck military convoy outfitted with anti-aircraft guns, VOA visited cities once considered off limits and witnessed how Nigerians are attempting to rebuild. In areas not under military control, Boko Haram remains a threat. The group continues to launch suicide bombings and armed attacks on civilian and military targets.

Source: International Organization for Migration, Nigeria, December 2016


Two men from Kumshe react to photos of Boko Haram atrocities in their village. (VOA)

One refugee from Kumshe confirmed that his village was the scene of executions and beatings recorded in the Boko Haram videos.

Shown still images of the village square taken from the videos, he broke down and cried.

Watch the full “Boko Haram: Terror Unmasked”, Part 4 video.

Read about Nigeria’s fight against Boko Haram.
Watch the “Boko Haram: Terror Unmasked” series.
Learn how VOA obtained the Boko Haram videos.

Share your thoughts about the "Boko Haram: Terror Unmasked" series, #terrorunmasked.


Written by Salem Solomon

Designed and produced by Tatenda Gumbo and Steven Ferri