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Timeline

Key Events in the Impeachment Inquiry

On December 18, 2019, history was made when Donald Trump became the third U.S. president to be impeached by the House of Representatives.

It all began with a bombshell whistleblower complaint that leaked in September. In it, an unidentified intelligence official alleged that Trump abused his power by pressing the president of Ukraine to investigate Trump’s likely 2020 presidential election rival Joe Biden and his son, Hunter Biden, while holding up nearly $400 million in military assistance as leverage.

The disclosure raised a firestorm in Washington. With Democrats demanding answers, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi ordered an impeachment inquiry in late September. Although Trump ordered his administration not to cooperate with the investigation, more than a dozen current and former officials eventually testified during several weeks of hearings, giving Democrats enough to build a case against the president.

Trump dismissed the investigation as a “hoax” and “witch hunt” and insisted there was nothing improper about his phone conversation with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy or his subsequent action.

The two articles of impeachment approved by the House in December accuse Trump of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. But their transmission to the Senate was delayed until Jan. 15 amid a disagreement between House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat, and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, a Repubilcan, over whether witnesses would be allowed to testify during the trial. McConnell prevailed by insisting that the question of witnesses would be put off until after the House managers presented their case against Trump and the president’s lawyers offered their defense.

With Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts presiding, the Senate trial gets underway in earnest on Jan. 21 and could last up to five weeks, or roughly as long as the 1999 impeachment trial of former President Bill Clinton.

Jan. 24, 2020

House managers begin third day of opening arguments

For the third day, House managers deliver their opening arguments in the impeachment trial of President Donald Trump. After concluding their arguments about Trump’s alleged abuse of office, they turn to “applying the Constitution and the law to the facts of the president’s obstruction of Congress,” the second of two articles of impeachment against Trump, according to House manager Adam Schiff. Trump’s defense team is scheduled to begin presenting its counter-arguments on Saturday. Read more…

Jan. 23, 2020

House managers address constitutional questions over Article 1

After laying out their case against President Donald Trump the previous day, House managers turn to the constitutional framework for impeaching Trump for abuse of power. They argue that Trump’s abuse of power is grounds for his removal from office, rebutting an argument pushed by a Trump defense lawyer that impeachment requires “criminal-like conduct.” House manager Jerrold Nadler said, “This position is deadwrong.” The House side will wrap up its arguments with regard to Article 1 on Friday before turning to Article 2. Read more…

Jan. 22, 2020

In opening arguments, House Democrats lay out case against Trump

House managers in the Senate trial of President Donald Trump begin three days of opening arguments, laying out their case that Trump orchestrated a “corrupt scheme” to seek Ukrainian help with his 2020 re-election campaign. While they mostly rehashed the evidence and testimony gathered during the House inquiry, they also cited evidence turned over by a former Rudy Giuliani associate after Trump was impeached. The Democrats used 7 hours and 18 minuts of the 24 hours allotted for their opening arguments. Read more…

Jan. 21, 2020

Senate trial begins in earnest

The impeachment trial of President Donald Trump begins in earnest in the US Senate, with House managers and Trump’s defense team sparring over the proposed rules of the proceeding and the question of witnesses and documents. After nearly 13 hours of often bitter partisan debate, the Republican-controlled Senate voted 53-47 to adopt the rules, rejecting all 11 Democrat amdendments on subpoenas for witnesses and documents at the outset of the trial. The rancor led Chief Justice Roberts to rebuke both sides in equal measure. Read more…

Jan. 15, 2020

House votes to send articles of impeachment to Senate

The U.S. House of Representatives votes to send two articles of impeachment against President Donald Trump to the Senate and approves seven House managers who will prosecute the case. The nearly-party line vote cleared the way for the opening of a trial in the Senate where Trump is expected to be acquited. Read more…

Dec. 18, 2019

House impeaches President Trump

President Donald Trump was impeached by the House of Representatives, accused of abusing the power of the presidency to benefit himself politically and then obstructing congressional efforts to investigate his actions. On a near straight party-line vote, the Democrat-controlled House approved two articles of impeachment against Trump, a Republican, making him only the third U.S. president to be impeached in the country’s 243-year history. Read more…

Dec. 12, 2019

House judiciary committee approves two articles of impeachment

The House Judiciary Committee votes along party lines to approve two articles of impeachment against President Donald Trump. The vote was 23-17. The two articles accuse Trump of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. Read more…

Dec. 10, 2019

House Democrats introduce two articles of impeachment

Leading House Democrats announced two articles of impeachment against President Donald Trump: Abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. Read more…

Dec. 9, 2019

House Judiciary Committee hears evidence as impeachment vote nears

Read more…

Dec. 5, 2019

Pelosi authorizes committee chairmen to draft articles of impeachment

U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announces that she has asked key House committee chairmen  to “proceed with articles of impeachment” against President Donald Trump, declaring that Trump has “abused the power of his office.” Trump denounced the Democrats and tweeted that “if you’re going to impeach me, do it now, fast, so we can have a fair trial in the Senate.” Read more…

Dec. 4, 2019

Three Constitutional scholars testify that Trump has committed impeachable offenses

Three constitutional scholars invited by Democrats tell the House Judiciary Committee that President Donald Trump committed impeachable offenses when he pressed Ukraine to open investigations that would benefit him politically. A fourth expert summoned by Republicans disagreed, arguing Democrats have not gathered enough evidence to impeach Trump. Read more…

Dec. 3, 2019

House intelligence committee releases impeachment report

The House Intelligence Committee releases a 300-page report accusing President Donald Trump of “misconduct” in soliciting Ukrainian interference in the 2020 election and trying to “obstruct” the Congressional impeachment inquiry. Committee members met behind closed doors to adopt the report before transmitting it to the House Judiciary Committee. Read more…

Dec. 2, 2019

House Republicans Prempt Democratic Impeachment Report

House Republicans issue a rebuttal of the Democratic impeachment report, saying the Democrats have failed to prove President Donald Trump committed an impeachable offense. In a 123-page report, the Republicans accused House Democrats of carrying out a campaign “to upend our political system” and “to stop President Trump’s re-election.” Read more…

Nov. 29, 2019

Deadline set for Trump to signal role in impeachment hearings

The House Judiciary Committee gives President Donald Trump until Dec. 6 to say whether his legal counsel intends to participate in upcoming impeachment proceedings. House impeachment procedures allow the president to call witnesses, introduce evidence and make presentations. Read more…

Nov. 26, 2019

House judiciary schedules impeachment hearing, invites Trump

The House judiciary committee schedules its first impeachment hearing for Dec. 4 and invites president Donald Trump to attend the session. The hearing will feature legal experts and will discuss the historical and constitutional basis of impeachment, committee chair Jerrold Nadler said in a statement. Trump said recently that he’d “strongly consider” giving written testimony in his impeachment inquiry. Read more…

Nov. 25, 2019

House Democrats preparing impeachment report

House intel committee chair Adam Schiff says House committees are preparing an impeachment report and plans to send it to the House Judiciary Committee after the Thanksgiving holiday. The report will “summarize the evidence” against President Donald Trump and include instances of non-cooperation by current and formal administration officials, Schiff wrote in a letter to fellow House Democrats. Read more…

Nov. 25, 2019

Judge rules Don McGahn must testify

A federal judge rules that former White House Counsel Don McGahn must comply with a Congressional subpoena, dealing Democrats a victory in their impeachment inquiry of President Donald Trump. The administration plans to appeal the decision but the ruling could persuade other former officials such as ex National Security Adviser John Bolton to testify in the impeachment inquiry. Read more…

Nov. 21, 2019

Ex-White House adviser, diplomat testify

Former White House adviser Fiona Hill encouraged lawmakers to avoid perpetuating the “alternative narrative” that Ukraine, not Russia, interfered in the 2016 U.S. election, according to her prepared remarks. “I would ask that you please not promote politically driven falsehoods that so clearly advance Russian interests.” Read more…

Nov. 20, 2019

Sondland Details ‘Quid Pro Quo’ with Ukraine

U.S. diplomat Gordon Sondland emphatically told the impeachment inquiry targeting President Donald Trump on Wednesday that despite the president’s denial, there was a conditional deal with Ukraine in recent months, that Kyiv would not get the military aid it wanted unless it opened investigations to benefit Trump politically. Read more…

Nov. 19, 2019

Top national security aides testify in Trump impeachment probe

The U.S. House Intelligence Committee continued hearing testimony from several top national security aides who listened in on a July phone call between U.S. President Donald Trump and Ukrainian leader Volodymyr Zelenskiy. Jennifer Williams, an aide to Vice President Mike Pence, and Lt. Col. Alexander Vindman, the National Security Council’s top Ukraine expert, spoke in the morning session. Both expressed concerns about the phone call that is at the center of the investigation into Trump’s alleged efforts to pressure Ukrainian officials to investigate his political rivals. Read more…

Nov. 15, 2019

Ousted former US ambassador to Ukraine testifies at impeachment hearing

Marie Yovanovitch, the ousted former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine, testifies at the U.S. House of Representatives impeachment inquiry into U.S. President Donald Trump. “I was incredulous that the U.S. government chose to remove an ambassador based, as best as I can tell, on unfounded and false claims by people with clearly questionable motives,” Marie Yovanovitch has said about her dismissal. Read more…

Nov. 13, 2019

Taylor recounts another Trump conversation on Ukraine

On the first day of televised impeachment hearings, U.S. envoy William Taylor recounts a conversation a staff aide overheard on July 26 involving President Donald Trump, a day after Trump had asked Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy to investigate his political rival Vice President Joe Biden and his son. Taylor said the aide overheard a phone conversation in a restaurant between Trump and Gordon Sondland, the U.S. ambassador to the European Union, in which Trump took a direct interest in whether Ukraine would open an investigation. Taylor said the overheard conversation showed that Trump cared “more about investigations than Ukraine” military assistance. Trump later told reporters he had absolutely no recollection of the conversation. Read more…

Nov. 13, 2019

House launches public hearings in Trump impeachment inquiry

The Democratic-controlled House of Representatives begins historic televised hearings as part of the impeachment inquiry into whether President Donald Trump improperly pressured Ukraine to investigate Trump’s political rivals. The House Intelligence Committee was to hear testimony from William Taylor, the current top American diplomat in Ukraine, and George Kent, who oversees Ukraine affairs. Read more…

Nov. 8, 2019

Mick Mulvaney defies Congressional subpoena

Acting White House chief of staff Mick Mulvaney failed to show up for a deposition in the impeachment inquiry, defying a subpoena issued by the House Intelligence Committee. Mulvaney last month acknowledged that President Donald Trump held up nearly $400 million in military aid to Ukraine in part to pressure the Ukraine president to investigate Democrats – but later tried to walk back his statement to White House reporters. Read more…

Nov. 7, 2019

Kent: Trump wanted to hear “investigations, Biden, Clinton”

Deputy Assistant Secretary of State George Kent says President Donald Trump demanded that President Volodymyr Zelenskiy of Ukraine announce investigations into the 2016 U.S. election, Democrat Hillary Clinton and former vice president Joe Biden in exchange for a coveted visit to the Oval Office, according to a transcript of Kent’s Oct. 15 appearance before House impeachment investigators. Kent, who oversaw Ukraine policy, also denounced Rudy Giuiliani, Trump’s personal lawyer, for waging “a campaign of lies” to discredit the former ambassador to Ukraine, Marie Yovanovitch Read more…

Nov. 5, 2019

Sondland revises testimony

Gordon Sondland, the former U.S. ambassador to the European Union, revises his sworn Congressional testimony, acknowledging that he now remembers that U.S. aid to Ukraine was made contingent on Ukraine making a public pledge to investigate corruption. In his Oct. 17 testimony, Sondland had said he did not know why nearly $400 million in military aid to Ukraine had been blocked. Read more…

Nov. 4, 2019

Former Ukraine envoy felt “threatened” by President Trump

In the first of the transcripts of sworn testimony released by House impeachment inquiry investigators, former Ukraine ambassador Marie Yovanovitch said she felt “threatened” by President Donald Trump and feared she would be the subject of retaliation after learning that Trump had told the new president of Ukraine in a July 25 call that Yovanovitch was “bad news” and would “go through some things.” Yovanovitch had been abruptly recalled from Kyiv to Washington in May after being publicly discredited by Rudy Giuliani, the president’s personal lawyer, and conservative media Read more…

Nov. 2, 2019

Documents show Manafort pushed Ukraine conspiracy theory

Newly released Justice Department documents show that as early as 2016 former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort was pushing the now-debunked theory that it was Ukraine, not Russia, that had hacked the Democratic National Committee. The theory, widely believed by Trump allies, led the president to press Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy to investigate the matter. The documents were released in response to lawsuits filed by CNN and BuzzFeed. Read more…

Oct. 31, 2019

Tim Morrison confirms quid pro quo testimony

Tim Morrison, a former senior National Security Council aide, testifies in the House impeachment investigation of President Donald Trump. Morrison was expected to explain the “sinking feeling” he reportedly got when Trump asked Ukraine to investigate his political rivals. Read more…

Oct. 31, 2019

House Democrats authorize impeachment inquiry

U.S. House of Representatives members vote along party lines to authorize the Democratic-led impeachment inquiry of President Donald Trump. The vote was 232-196, with all Republicans and just two Democrats voting against the impeachment resolution. Read more…

Oct. 29, 2019

Democrats unveil impeachment resolution

House Democrats introduce a resolution that “affirms” the impeachment inquiry of President Donald Trump and establishes the next phase of the process. In a letter to fellow Democrats, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said she wanted to “eliminate any doubt” about the determination of the inquiry. The House is expected to vote on the resolution on Nov. 1. Read more…

Oct. 29, 2019

Vindman says he was “troubled” by Trump Ukraine call

National security aide Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Vindman says he was so concerned that  President Donald Trump asked Ukraine’s leader to investigate his political opponents that he alerted his superiors. Vindman, a decorated army officer detailed to the National Security Council, was among a group of officials who listened in to Trump’s controversial July 25 phone call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy. Read more…

Oct. 28, 2019

Kupperman balks at testifying

Former Deputy National Security Adviser Charles Kupperman, who listened in on the July 25 call between President Donald Trump and Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskiy, declined to testify before House committees. Kupperman has been told by the White House that he’s immune from providing testimony and he has filed a lawsuit asking a federal judge whether he would need to testify. Read more…

Oct. 23, 2019

Overhead photograph of U.S. House Republicans speaking to reporters after Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Laura Cooper arrived to testify at a closed-door deposition as part of the U.S. House of Representatives impeachment inquiry.

Pentagon official testifies after Republicans storm secure briefing room

Senior Pentagon official Laura Cooper testifies about her efforts to release nearly $400 million in military aid to Ukraine blocked at President Donald Trump’s direction as part of an effort  to pressure Ukraine into investigating the Democrats. Her testimony came five hours after Republican lawmakers stormed a secure room in the House of Representatives where she was set to be interviewed. Read more…

Oct. 22, 2019

Taylor confirms quid pro quo allegation

U.S. ambassador William Taylor tells House investigators he was told President Donald Trump had made U.S. military aid to Ukraine conditional on Ukraine pledging to investigate the Democrats and the 2016 election, according to several news outlets. Taylor provided a detailed account of his recollection of events being investigated by House Democrats as part of their impeachment inquiry into Trump. Read more…

Oct. 17, 2019

Mulvaney acknowledges quid pro quo between Trump and Ukraine

Mick Mulvaney, the acting White House chief of staff, tells reporters President Trump withheld nearly $400 million in military aid partly to pressure Ukraine to pursue an investigation that would benefit Trump politically. He repeatedly acknowledged a quid pro quo central to the House impeachment inquiry. Mulvaney later tried to walk back his remarks that caused an uproar within both parties. Read more…

Oct. 17, 2019

Sondland says Trump outsourced U.S.-Ukraine policy to Giuliani

U.S. Ambassador to the European Union Gordon Sondland tells House Democratic investigators that President Trump had outsourced U.S. policy on Ukraine to the president’s personal attorney, Rudy Giuliani. He said it was a decision he disagreed with but carried out nonetheless. Read more…

Oct. 16, 2019

Fourth person arrested in probe of Giuliani associates

A fourth person has been arrested in connection with federal campaign finance cases involving associates of President Donald Trump’s personal attorney, Rudy Giuliani. Federal authorities said American businessman David Correia was apprehended Wednesday at New York’s Kennedy Airport after flying there to turn himself in. Read more…

Oct. 15, 2019

Former Trump aide says she opposed removal of Ambassador Yovanovitch

Former National Security Council aide Fiona Hill tells House investigators that she strongly opposed the removal of former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch. Hill also told investigators that former National Security Adviser John Bolton directed her to raise concerns about efforts to pressure Ukraine with White House lawyers. Read more…

Oct. 14, 2019

Hunter Biden stepping down from Chinese company

Hunter Biden, Joe Biden’s son, says he’ll step down from the board of directors of a Chinese private equity firm that he joined while his father was vice president. Hunter Biden made the announcement as part of a pledge not to work for any foreign companies should his father win the presidency. Read more…

Oct. 11, 2019

Giuliani under investigation for lobbying violations, Times reports

The New York Times reports that President Donald Trump’s private lawyer, Rudy Giuliani, is under investigation for possible lobbying violations. Citing an unidentified source, the Times reported that investigators are probing Giuliani’s efforts to have former Ambassador Marie Yovanovitch recalled from Kyiev. Read more…

Oct. 11, 2019

Former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine testifies

Former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch tells House committees leading the impeachment inquiry that President Donald Trump pressured the State Department to remove her from her post last May following unfounded claims she sought to undermine his policies. Read more…

Oct. 10, 2019

Two Giuliani associates arrested

Two associates of President Donald Trump’s personal attorney, Rudy Giuliani, face federal charges of making hundreds of thousands of dollas in illegal contributions to Republican campaigns, including a pro-Trump super PAC. The two Florida-based businessmen – Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman–allegedly lobbied for the ouster of the former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine. Read more…

Oct. 9, 2019

Biden Calls for Trump’s impeachment

Former vice president Joe Biden for the first time calls for the impeachment of President Donald Trump during a campaign appearance in New Hampshire. Read more…

Oct. 8, 2019

White House says it won’t cooperate with impeachment inquiry

White House counsel Pat Cipollone notifies House Democratic leaders in an eight-page letter that the administration will not cooperate in what it deems the “unconstitutional” impeachment inquiry. Read more…

Oct. 8, 2019

Democrats to subpoena Sondland after White House blocks his testimony

House Democrats say they plan to subpoena Gordon Sondland, the U.S. Ambassador to the European Union,  after the White House barred him from testifying before three House committees investigating President Donald Trump for possible impeachment.  Sonland was scheduled to testify on Tuesday about his role in Trump’s efforts to press Ukraine to investigate former vice president Joe Biden and his son. Read more…

Oct. 6, 2019

Second whistleblower comes forward in impeachment inquiry

A second whistleblower has come forward with firsthand knowledge about President Donald Trump’s dealings with Ukraine. Read more…

Oct. 4, 2019

House Democrats subpoena White House for documents

House Democrats subpoena the White House for documents related to the impeachment inquiry of President Donald Trump. Read more…

Oct. 4,2019

House Democrats subpoena VP Pence for Ukraine-related documents

House Democrats request documents from Vice President Mike Pence related to his contacts with Ukraine. Read more…

Oct. 4, 2019

Volker reveals dozens of texts between U.S.-Ukraine officials

Text messages, released by former U.S. Special Envoy Kurt Volker between U.S. diplomats indicate the Trump administration tried to tie military aid to Ukraine to an investigation into the Bidens. Read more…

Oct. 4, 2019

House questions IG Atkinson over handling of whistleblower complaint

U.S. House Intelligence Committee questions Inspector General Michael Atkinson on his handling of a whistleblower complaint at the heart of President Donald Trump’s impeachment inquiry. Read more…

Oct. 3, 2019

House questions Volker as part of Trump impeachment inquiry

U.S. House committees question former U.S. Special Envoy to Ukraine Kurt Volker for eight hours. Read more…

Oct. 3, 2019

Trump tells China to investigate the Bidens

President Donald Trump openly calls on China, as well as Ukraine, to investigate Joe and Hunter Biden, and dismisses his Democratic opponents as “maniacs” pursuing “impeachment crap.”   Read more…

Oct. 2, 2019

Trump attacks Shiff for leading impeachment inquiry

President Donald Trump steps up his personal attacks on House Intelligence Committee Chairman Adam Schiff, who is spearheading the impeachment probe, saying Schiff should be arrested for “treason” for parodying Trump’s conduct during a hearing. Read more…

Sept. 30, 2019

House orders Giuliani to turn over Ukraine-related documents

House Democratic leaders order President Donald Trump’s personal lawyer, Rudy Giuliani, to turn over Ukraine-related documents by Oct. 15. Read more…

Sept. 28, 2019

Special envoy to Ukraine Volker resigns

U.S. Special Envoy for Ukraine Kurt Volker resigns amid a formal impeachment inquiry of President Donald Trump and his dealings with Ukraine. Read more…

Sept. 27, 2019

House subpoenas Secretary of State Pompeo for Ukraine-related documents

House committees subpoena Secretary of State Mike Pompeo for Ukraine-related documents. Read more…

Sept. 25, 2019

White House releases rough transcript of Trump-Zelenskiy phone call

White House releases a rough transcript of the July 25 phone call between U.S. President Donald Trump and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy in which military aid and the Bidens were discussed. The director of intelligence delivers a whistleblower complaint to Congress. Read more…

Sept. 24, 2019

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announces the House will begin a formal impeachment inquiry of the president. (AP)

Pelosi announces impeachment inquiry

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announces the House will begin a formal impeachment inquiry of the president. Read more…

Sept. 19, 2019

IG refuses to discuss whistleblower complaint with House committee

Inspector General Michael Atkinson refuses to discuss the contents of the whistleblower complaint during a closed-door House committee meeting. News reports suggest the allegations focus on Ukraine. Read more…

Sept. 18, 2019

Washington Post reports Trump made promise to foreign leader

The Washington Post reports the whistleblower complaint is about a conversation between President Donald Trump and a foreign leader. Read more…

Sept. 13, 2019

Intelligence committee chairman issues subpoena for complaint

House Intelligence Committee Chairman Adam Schiff issues a subpoena for Acting Director of National Intelligence Joseph Maguire, after Schiff says Maguire has violated the law by not transmitting the complaint to Congress within seven days. Read more…

Sept. 9, 2019

House intelligence committee notified of complaint

Inspector General Michael Atkinson notifies the House Intelligence Committee about an “urgent” and “credible” complaint. Read more…

Aug. 12, 2019

Whistleblower files complaint

The whistleblower complaint is filed with Inspector General Michael Atkinson. Read more…

July 25, 2019

Trump discusses ‘favor’ with Ukranian president

President Donald Trump asks Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy for a “favor” while discussing military aid. Read more…

July 24, 2019

Mueller testifies before House committees

Former special counsel Robert Mueller appears before the House Judiciary and Intelligence committees after the two panels issued subpoenas for his testimony. Mueller sticks to the findings of the written report during his testimony. Read more…