Four days after the Supreme Court gives the go-ahead to President Trump’s order restricting travel, the State Department announces it has been implemented. This version bars entry into the U.S. of immigrants and non-immigrants from Chad, Libya and Yemen, on business, tourist or business-tourist visas; blocks entry of Iranian citizens, as immigrants or non-immigrants, but provides an exception for Iranian students with additional screening; bars all immigrants and non-immigrants from North Korea and Syria; prevents immigration by citizens of Somalia; and bars visitors from Venezuela with government ties.
The U.S. government announces that Haiti will lose temporary protected status, granted after the country was devastated by the 2010 earthquake. In an after hours phone call, government officials said that Haitians will be given 18 months – until July 22, 2019 – to wrap up their lives in the U.S. and return to Haiti. The officials said that Haiti has recovered sufficiently to accept its nationals back. But advocates argue the country is not ready and was further damaged by hurricanes this year. According to a recent study by the Center for Migration Studies, most Haitians on TPS have been living in the United States for 13 years and have 27,000 U.S.-citizen children among them.
The Department of Homeland Security ends Temporary Protected Status for several thousand Nicaraguans. DHS gives them a year to wrap up their American lives until January 5, 2019. Because of a lack of information, DHS delays a decision on Hondurans with TPS, extending their status for six months until next July. “However, given the information currently available to the Acting Secretary (Elaine Duke), it is possible that the TPS designation for Honduras will be terminated at the end of the six-month automatic extension with an appropriate delay,” the announcement reads. 2016 figures show some 57,000 Hondurans with TPS.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) reverses its policy of respecting previous non-immigrant visa decisions as long as key elements were unchanged and there was no evidence of error or fraud. “This updated guidance provides clear direction to help advance policies that protect the interests of U.S. workers,” said USCIS Director L. Francis Cissna about his first major policy decision. “There are a few reasons to be very concerned,” tweeted immigration lawyer Greg Siskind. “First, workers in green card backlog categories face a serious threat,”
The U.S. suspends all non-immigrant visas at its diplomatic facilities in Turkey after the arrest of a U.S. consulate employee in Istanbul for alleged links to Fethullah Gulen, a U.S.-based Muslim leader blamed by Ankara for a failed coup attempt last year. Non-immigrant visas include those related to tourism, medical treatment, business, temporary work and study.
The U.S. State Department halts visa processing at its embassy in Havana, Cuba indefinitely after 21 people associated with the embassy are afflicted with a variety of mysterious ailments. More than 100,000 Cubans had been in line for visas, mostly to reunite with relatives in U.S. The decision calls into question whether the U.S. will admit at least 20,000 Cuban immigrants this year, required under a 1994 migration agreement.
The Trump administration plans to cap refugee arrivals at 45,000 for fiscal year 2018, senior government officials say. The ceiling is the lowest since the U.S. refugee program in its current form began in 1980. The average annual ceiling has been about 96,000 since the program began in 1980, with an average of 81,000 spots filled every year. Already in FY 2017, the number of refugees admitted has been cut. U.S. officials estimate the country will welcome in only 54,000 refugees by the end of this fiscal year October 1.
As part of the previous travel ban expires, the Trump administration issues new rules affecting travel from 8 countries. They bar entry into the U.S. of immigrants and non-immigrants from Chad, Libya and Yemen, on business, tourist or business-tourist visas; block entry of Iranian citizens, as immigrants or non-immigrants, but provide an exception for Iranian students with additional screening; bar immigrants and non-immigrants from North Korea and Syria; and prevent immigration by citizens of Somalia. Sudan is removed from the list. The new rules go into effect October 18 except for those included in the current travel ban, which remain in effect. Subject to periodic reviews, the new restrictions continue indefinitely.
The Trump administration says it will end Temporary Protected Status for nationals of Sudan in 2018. The Department of Homeland Security says that conditions in the country have improved and TPS is no longer warranted for Sudanese citizens. TPS for Sudan was set to expire November 2, but DHS is extending the program for a year to allow Sudanese nationals currently benefiting from TPS to wrap up their affairs in the U.S. Meanwhile, DHS is extending TPS for South Sudan until May 2019. At the end of 2016, some 1039 Sudanese and 49 South Sudanese held TPS status.
The U.S. Embassy in Asmara, Eritrea ceases issuing B1, B2 and B1/B2 visitor visas to “citizens, subjects, nationals, and residents of Eritrea” with limited exceptions. The step is taken under Section 243(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act because Eritrea does not have a repatriation agreement with the U.S. to take back deported citizens. Foreign ministry officials and their families from three other countries – Cambodia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone – are also denied visas for the same reason. Only twice before have visas been denied to so called “recalcitrant” countries. Other countries listed as being recalcitrant in accepting deportees from the U.S. include China, Cuba, Vietnam, Laos, Iran, Burma, Morocco and South Sudan.
“DACA is being rescinded,” Attorney General Jeff Sessions announces, ending President Barack Obama’s five-year-old Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program. There are currently about 800,000 DACA recipients in the U.S. No DACA authorizations will be revoked before March 5, 2018 if those whose permits expire during that time apply for renewals in early October. But all DACA authorizations will have expired by March 2020. The six month delay is intended to give Congress a chance to act on the program.
The Department of Homeland Security ends the Central American Minors (CAM) parole program, which granted Central American minors temporary legal residence in the United States. President Barack Obama established the CAM parole program in 2014 in response to an illegal influx of unaccompanied minors from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. The program allowed young people under 21 to enter the U.S. on a two-year, renewable parole if they had a parent already legally present in the country. The Washington Post reports that termination of CAM parole excludes 2,714 minors who had conditional approval to enter the country.
The bill, written by Senators Tom Cotton and David Perdue, would cut legal immigration by 50%. It establishes a points system to reward would-be immigrants with points for speaking English and having marketable skills. Casting the measure as putting American families first, Trump’s senior advisor for policy Stephen Miller called it a “permanent change to immigration that will endure through time.” The bill faces a rocky road in the Senate.
15,000 temporary worker visas are added, a one-time increase. Trump’s resort in Florida, Mar-a-Lago seeks to obtain 70 of them.
A leaked memo shows the Trump administration is considering expanding DHS’s powers to speed up deportations.
DHS’ Kelly tells lawmakers that the DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) program will probably not stand up to a legal challenge, threatened by 10 Republican state officials who gave the administration a 9/5 deadline before filing suit. Almost 800,000 young people who were brought to the US as children would be affected.
He also warns that Temporary Protected Status (TPS) is likely to be eliminated. Currently offered to people from ten countries that are considered unsafe, TPS allows them to live and work temporarily in the US.
DHS issues a notice delaying implementation of the International Entrepreneurship Rule until March, 2018. In the meantime, DHS plans to solicit comments on why the program should be scrapped. Earlier, DHS had estimated the program would result in 3,000 new startups every year and many more jobs.
The travel ban takes effect, using Supreme Court mandated rules that only people with “bona fide” family, business or educational ties be allowed in from six mostly Muslim countries or as refugees.
In an executive order, Trump rescinds an Obama-era rule to speed up visa processing.
DHS formally ends the DAPA program (Deferred Action for Parents of Americans). DAPA had been in litigation since 2015 and never took effect. It would have protected parents with U.S. children from deportation.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions issues a memo defining sanctuary jurisdictions as those that “willfully refuse” to comply with a federal law that bars local governments from prohibiting their law enforcement officers to share information about the immigration status of people in their custody.
Sessions says the executive order “will be applied solely to federal grants administered by the Department of Justice or the DHS and not to other sources of federal funding.” A federal court had blocked (4/25) the federal government from penalizing sanctuary jurisdictions.
The Department of State issues “emergency” rules, calling for increased scrutiny of visa applicants.
DHS issues two requests for proposals from companies interested in building a wall on the U.S./Mexican border. The bids for both concrete and non-concrete barriers will be winnowed down to 8 -10 winners who will build prototypes on the border near San Diego, CA. While no wall is to be built soon, the talk has a chilling effect and illegal border crossings start to fall off.
Department of Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly implements Trump’s January executive orders with 2 memos. They do away with prioritizing for deportation those who have committed crimes. “Unless otherwise directed, Department personnel may initiate enforcement actions against removable aliens encountered during the performance of their official duties,” Kelly wrote.
The memos also expand the definition of a “criminal alien.” Anyone who has been convicted of a crime, been charged with a crime, or even committed anything that might be a “chargeable criminal offense” can be deported.
Thirdly, the memos call for an increase in the 287(g) program which allows local law enforcement agencies to participate as an active partner in identifying criminal aliens in their custody, and placing ICE detainers on these individuals.
Five days into his presidency, President Trump issues two executive orders on improving immigration enforcement and enhancing public safety in the interior of the U.S.